Computer Based Abbreviations — T U V W X Y Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Computer Based Abbreviations

T

T-gate Termary Selector gate.
TAB Tabulate.
TBU Tape Back-up Unit.
TCM Tape Cartridge Magazine.
TCP Transmission Control Protocol.
TDM Time Division Multiplexing.
TE Terminal Equipment.
TEI Terminal Endpoint Identifier.
TELNET Teletype Network.
TFM Thin Film Memory.
TFT Thin Film Transistor.
TIFF Tagged Image Film Format.
TIP Terminal Interface Protocol.
TLU Table Look Up
TM Trade Mark./ Turing Machine.
TMOT Thermo Magnetic Optic Technology.
TOS Terminal Operating System./ Tape Operating System.
TPDU Transport Protocol Data Unit.
TPI Tracks Per Inch.
TSO Time Sharing Option.
TSR Terminal and Stay Resident.
TTL Transistor Transistor Logic.
TVD Transparent Viewing Door.

U

UART Universal Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter.
UC Upward Compatibility.
UCG Unilaterally Connected Graph.
UDP User Data gram Protocol.
UIMS User Interface Management System.
ULA Uncommitted Logic Array.
ULSI Ultra Large Scale Integration.
UMB Upper Memory Block.
UNIVAC Universal Automatic Computer.
UPC Universal Product Code.
UPS Uninterruptible Power Supply.
URL Universal Resource Locater.
USOC Universal Service Operating Code.
USART Universal Synchronous Asynchronous Receiver Transmitter.
UTP Unshielded Twisted Pair.
UUC Unix to Unix Copy.

V

V&V Verification and Validation.
VAN Value Added Network.
VC Virtual Circuit.
VCI Virtual Channel Identifier.
VDE Voice Data Entry.
VDO Visual Display Output.
VDT Visual Display Terminal.
VDU Visual Display Unit.
VESA Video Electronic Standards Association.
VFU Vertical Format Unit.
VGA Video Graphics Array.
VIE Virtual Integral Equation.
VLIW Very Long Instruction Word.
VLS Virtual Library System.
VLSI Very Large Scale Integration.
VM Vitual Machine./ Virtual Memory.
VME Virtual Machine Environment.
VPI Virtual Path Identifier.
VPN Virtual Private Network.
VRC Virtual Redundancy Check.
VRAM Video Random Access Memory.
VSAM Virtual Storage Access Method.
VSAT Very Small Aperture Terminal.
VT Virtual Terminal.
VTAM Virtual Telecommunication Access Method.

W

WAIS Wide Area Information Server.
WAN Wide Area Network.
WATFOR Water Loo FORTRAN.
WATFIV WATFOR Improve Vision.
WCG Weakly Connected Graph.
WCS Writeable Control Store.
WDN Web’s Dynamic Nature.
WFF Well Formed Formula.
WORM Write Once Read Many.
WP Word Perfect./ Word Processing.
WSAPI Web Site Application Programmers Interface.
WW Word Wrap.
WWW World Wide Web.

X

XGA Extended Graphics Array.
XMM Extended Memory Manager.
XMS Extended Memory Specification.
XOR Exclusive OR
XT Extended Technology.

Y

YACC Yet Another Complier Compiler.
YP Yellow Pages.

Z

ZBR Zone Bit Recording.
ZF Zero Function.
ZIF Zero Insertion Force.
ZM Zero Matrix.
ZS Zero Suppression.
ZTL Zero Trip Loop.
ZW Zero Word.
ZWS Zero Wait State.

Computer Based Abbreviations — N O P Q R S

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Computer Based Abbreviations

N

NAK Negative Acknowledgment.
NBCD Natural Binary Coded Decimal.
NCP Network Control Protocol.
NCR National Cash Register.
NDRO Non-Destructive Read Out.
NETBIOS Network Basic Input / Output System.
NI Norton Index.
NIC Network Interface Cared./ Network Information Centre.
NLQ Near Letter Quality.
NL Natural Language.
NMI Non Mask bale Interrupt.
NOS Network Operating System.
NPDU Network Protocol Data Unit.
NPL National Physical Laboratory.
NPQ Near Photographic Quality.
NPV Net Present Value.
NRZ Non Return to Zero.
NS Nero Second.
NSAP Netscape Service Access Point.
NSAPI Netscape Server Application Programmers Interface.
NTFTP Network Independent File Transfer Protocol.
NVRAM Non Volatile Random Access Memory.
NVT Network Virtual Terminal.

O

OCD Open Collector Device.
OCR Optical Character Recognition.
ODD Optical Disk Drive.
OEM Original Equipment Manufacturer.
OHP Over Head Panel.
OIS Organizational Information System.
OLE Object Linking and Embedding.
OMR Optical Mark Reading.
OOP Object Oriented Programming.
OR Operations Research.
OS/2 Operating System /2.
OS Operating System.
OSF Open System Foundation.
OSI Open System Interconnection.
OTP One Time Programmable.

P

PABX Private Automatic Branch Exchange.
PACE Pilot Automatic Computing Engine.
PAD Packet Assembler / Disassembler.
PAL Programmable Array Logic.
PAR Positive Acknowledgement and Retransmission.
PARC Palo Alto Research Centre.
PBX Private Branch Exchange.
PCB Printed Circuit Board.
PC Personal Computer./ Program Counter.
PCI Protocol Control Information./ Peripheral Component Interconnect.
PCM Pulse Code Modulation.
PCR Punched Card Reader.
PCMCIA Personal Computer Memory Code International Association.
PDA Push Down Automation.
PDD Portable Disk Drive.
PDL Page Description Language./ Program Design Language.
PDN Public Data Network.
PDU Protocol Data Unit.
PE Phase Encoded.
PEDS Perkin Elmer Data System.
PERT Progress Evaluation and Review Technique.
PGA Pin Grid Array.
PIA Peripheral Interface Adapter.
PIC Programmable Interface Controller.
PIN Personal Identification Number.
PIPO Parallel In Parallel Out.
PIO Parallel Input Output.
PISO Parallel In Serial Out.
PIT Programmable Internal Time.
Pixel Picture Element.
PL Programming Language.
PLA Programmed Logic Array.
PLL Phase Locked Loop.
PLP Packet Layer Protocol.
PM Phase Modulation.
PMBX Private Manual Branch Exchange.
POL Problem Oriented Language.
POP Post Office Protocol.
POSE Product of Sums Expression.
POST Power On Self Test.
PPC Proof of Partial Correctness.
PPI Programmable Peripheral Interface.
PPM Page Per Minute.
PPN Public Packet Network.
PPP Point to Point protocol.
PPS Post Production System.
PRF Pulse Repetition Frequency.
PROM Programmable Read Only Memory.
PSA Problem Statement Analyzer.
PSK Phase Shift Keying.
PSL Problem Statement Language.
PSN Packet Switching Network.
PSPACE Polynomial Space.
PSPDN Packet Switched Public Data Network.
PSW Processor Status Word.
PTIME Polynomial Time.
PTT Postal Telegraph and Telephone.

Q

QAM Quadrature Amplitude Modulation.
QBE Query By Example.
QIL Query Interactive Language.
QL Query Language.
QPSK Quadrature Phase Shift Keying.

R

RAD Random Access Device.
RAID Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks.
RAM Random Access Memory.
RASPM Random Access Stored Program Machine.
RCA Ripple Carry Adder.
RCH Robotics Cartridge Handler.
RDBMS Relational Data Base Management System.
RFI Radio Frequency Interference.
RGB Red / Green / Blue.
RHDM Removable Hot Drive Modules.
RISC Reduced Instruction Set Computer.
RJE Remote Job Entry.
RKL Runge Kutta Methods.
RLL Run Length Limited.
RMC Reed Muller Codes.
ROM Read Only Memory.
RPG Report Program Generator.
RPN Reverse Polish Notation.
RPROM Reprogramable Read Only Memory.
RSC Reed Solomon Codes.
RSI Repetitive Strain Injury.
RTC Real Time Clock.
RTL Register Transistor Logic.
RTS Request To Send.

S

SAA Systems Application Architecture.
SADT Structured Analysis and Desinge Technique.
SAP Self Adapting Process./ Service Access Point.
SC Sequential Circuit.
SCR Sequence Control Register.
SCSI Small Computer System Interface.
SDLC Synchronous Data Link Control.
SEL Systems Engineering Lab.
SIDE Super Integrated Drive Electronics.
SIMD Single Instruction Multiple Data.
SIMM Single Line Memory Module.
SIPO Serial In Parallel Out.
SIO Serial Input Output.
SIPP Single In-line Pin Profile.
SISO Serial In Serial Out.
SISD Single Instruction Single Data.
SOPE Some of Products Expression.
SOS Silicon On Sapphire.
SPARC Scaleable Processor Architecture.
SPC Stored Program Control.
SPEC Systems Performance Evaluation Cooperative.
SPOOL Simultaneous Peripheral Operation On-Line.
SPSS Statistical Package for Social Science.
SQA Software Quality Assurance.
SQL Structured Query Language.
SRAM Static Random Access Memory.
SRTA Scanning Reduces Tap Access.
SSA SIMM Socket Adapter.
SSCP System Service Control Point.
SSD Single Sided Disk.
SSI Small Scale Integration.
SSP System Support Program.

Computer Based Abbreviations — G H I J K L M

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Computer Based Abbreviations

G

GB Gega Byte.
GCD Greatest Common Divisor.
GCR Group Code Recording.
GIGO Garbage In Garbage Out.
GINO Graphical Input Output.
GIS Geographic Information System.
GKS Graphics Kernel System.
GPC General Purpose Computer.
GPIB General Purpose Interface Bus.
GUI Graphical User Interface.
GWBASIC Gee Whiz Beginner’s Allpurpose Symbolic Instruction Code.

H

H-Zone Hyphenation Zone.
HCI Human Computer Interface.
HDC Hard Disk Controller.
HD High Density.
HDD Hard Disk Drive.
HDLC High-level Data Link Control.
HDPS Heavy Duty Power Supply.
HGA Hercules Graphice Adapter.
HGC Hercules Graphics Card.
HIPO Hierarchy Plus Input Process Output.
HIPOC Hierarchy Plus Input Process Output Chart.
HMB Higher Memory Block.
HMI Horizontal Motion Index.
HSMOS High Speed Metal Oxide Semiconductor.
HP Hewlett Packard.
HPF Highest Priority First.
HPFS High Performance File System.
HSM Hierarchical Storage Management.

I

I / O Input / Output.
IAB Iternet Architecture Board.
IA5 International Alphabet, Number-5.
IAL International Algorithmic Language.
IAR Instruction Address Register.
IAS Institute Advance Study./ Immediate Access Store.
IBG Inter Block Gap.
IBM International Business Machine.
IC Integrated Circuit.
ICL International Computers Limited.
ICMP Internet Control Message Protocol.
ID Identification.
IDE Integrated Drive Electronics.
IDN Integrated Digital Network.
IDP Integrated Data Processing.
IEE Institute of Electrical Engineers.
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
IEN Internal Experiment Note.
IESG Internet Engineering Steering Group.
ILS Integrating Legacy System.
IMP Interface Message Processor.
IOP Input Output Processor.
IOS International Organization for Standradization.
IP Internet Protocol./ Information Processing.
IPL Initial Program Load.
IPR Itellectual Property Right.
IPX Internetwork Packet Exchange.
IR Instruction Register.
IRC Internet Relay Chat.
IRG Inter Record Gap.
IRQ Inter Rupt Request.
IRR Iternal Rate of Return.
ISA Industry Standard Architecture.
ISAM Index Sequential Access Mode.
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network.
ISO International Standards Organization.
ISOC Iternet Society.
ISR Intermission Storage and Retrieval.

J

JAWT Java Abstract Windowing Toolkit.
JBA Java Beats Activex.
JCL Job Control Language.
JEIDA Japanese Electronic Industry Development Association.
JTM Job Transfer and Manipulation.
JOVIAL Jules’s Own Version of International Algorithmic Language.

K

K Kilo.
KB Kilo Byte.
KBPS Kilo Byte Per Second.
KPO Key Punch Operator.

L

L-System Lindenmeyer System.
LAN Local Area Network.
LANE Local Area Network Emulation.
LAP Link Access Protpcol.
LAPB Link Access Protocol Balanced.
LBA Linear Bounded Automation.
LCD Liquid Crystal Disply.
LCM Least Common Multiple.
LDE Local Discretization Error.
LED Light Emitting Diode.
LFU Least Frequency Used.
LF Line Feed.
LHN Long Haul Network.
LIF Low Insertion Force.
LIFO Last In First Out.
LIM Lotus / Intel / Microsoft.
LIS Land Information System.
LISP List Processing.
LLC Logical Link Control.
LPI Line Per Inch.
LRC Longitudinal Redundancy Check.
LSB Least Significant Digit.

M

M Mega.
MAC Medium Access Control.
MAN Metropolitan Area Control.
MAR Memory Address Register.
MB Mega Byte.
MBPS Million Bits Per Second.
MBR Memory Buffer Register.
MCA Micro Channel Architecture.
MCGA Multi-Color Graphics Array.
MDA Monochrome Display Adapter.
MDR Memory Data Register.
MDWC Misaligned Data Wastes Cycles.
MFC Microsoft Foundation Class.
MFD Mini Floppy Disk.
MFM Modified Frequency Modulation.
MFLOPS Million-Floating Point Operation Per Second.
MGA Monochrome Graphic Adapter.
MHS Message Handling Service.
MHz Megahertz.
MIB Management Information Base.
MICP Microsoft Internet Control Pack.
MICR Magnetic Ink Character Recognition.
MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interace.
MIMD Multiple Instruction Multiple Data.
MIMDP Multiple Instruction Multiple Data Processing.
MIPS Million-Instruction Per Second.
MIS Management Information System.
MISAPI Microsoft Internet Services Application Programmers Interface.
MISD Multiple Instruction Single Data.
MIT Mechasusets Institute of Technology.
MLMA Multi Level Multi Access.
MLOP Multidimensional On-line Analytical Processing.
MMU Memory Management Unit.
MODEM Modulator and Demodulator.
MOHLL Machine Oriented High Level Language.
MOS Microsoft Operating System. / Metal Oxide Semiconductor.
MOSFET Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor.
MOTIS Message Oriented Text Interchange System.
MPD Mask Programmable Device.
MPEG Motion Picture Expert Group.
MPU Micro Processor Unite.
MS Message Store./ Microsoft.
MS-DOS Microsoft Disk Operating System.
MSD Most Significant Digit.
MSFF Master Slave Flip Flop.
MSI Medium Scale Integration.
MSS Master Slave System.
MTA Message Transfer Agent.
MTBF Mean Time Between Failures.
MTC Magnetic Tape Cartridge.
MTL Merged Transistor Logic.
MTS Michigan Terminal System.
MTU Magnetic Tape Unit.
MUX Multiplexed.
MVS Multiprogramming with Variable.
MVSO Multiple Virtual System Option.

Computer Based Abbreviations — A B C D E F

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Computer Based Abbreviations

A

ANSI American National Standart Institute.
APDU Application Protocol Data Unit.
API Application Programmers Interface.
APL A Programming Language.
APSE Ada Programming Support Environment.
APT Automatically Programmed Tools.
ARMA Auto Regressive Moving Average.
ARPA Advance Research Projects Agency.
ARPANET Advance Research Projects Agency Network.
ASCC Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator.
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange.
ASIC Application Specific Intergraded Circuit.
AT Advance Technology.
AT&T American Telephone and Telegraph.
ATM Adobe Tape Manager./ Automatic Teller Machine.
ATL Automatic Tape Library.
AU Arithmetic Unit.
AWT Abstract Windowing Toolkit.

B

BASIC Beginner’s All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code.
BBS Bulletin Board System.
BCD Binary Coded Decimal.
BCHC Bose Chandhuri Hocquenghem Code.
BCPL Basic Combined Programming Language.
BCR Bar Code Recogniser.
BCS British Computer Society./ Bangladesh Computer Society.
BCWA Bangladesh Computer Writers Association.
BERNET Bangladesh Education and Research Network.
BIND Berkeley Internet Name Domain.
BIP Business Information Processing.
BIOS Basic Input Output System.
BISDN Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network.
BNF Backup Normal Form.
BISYNC Binary Synchronous Communications.
BIT Binary digit.
BOOTP BOOT Strap Protocol.
BOS Basic Operation System.
BOTM Beginning of Tape Marker.
BPI Bits Per Inch.
BPS Bits Per Second.
BSC Binary Symmetric Channel.
BWF Best Web Face.

C

CATV Community Antenna Television.
CBL Computer Based Learning.
CBT Computer Based Training.
CCD Changed Couple Device.
CD Compact Disk.
CDC Control Data Corporation.
CDL Computer Description Language.
CDR Contents of Decrement Register.
CDROM Compact Disk Read Only Memory.
CGA Color Graphics Adapter.
CIC Custom Internal Cables.
CICS Customer Information Control System.
CIM Computer Import Microfilm.
CIR Current Instruction Register.
CIS Compact Interactive Standard.
CISC Complex Instruction Set Computer.
CMI Computer Managed Instruction.
CMMU Cache Memory Management Unit.
CMOS Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (COSMOS)
CMS Conservational Monitor System.
CNF Conjunctive Normal Form.
COBOL Common Business Oriented Language.
CODaSyL Conference On Data System Languages.
COM Computer Output Microfilm / Microfiche.
COMAL Common Algorithmic Language.
COMDEX Computer Dealers Exposition.
CPM Control Program for Microcomputers.
CPI Character Per Inch.
CAD Copputer Aided Design.
CADMAT Computer Aided Design Manufacturer and Testing.
CAI Computer Assisted Instruction.
CAL Computer Aided Learning.
CAM Computer Aided Manufacturing. / Content Addressable Memory.
CAR Content of address Register.
CAS Content Addressable Storage.
CASE Computer Aided Software Engineering.
CAT Computer Aided Testing.
CPL Combined Programming Language.
CPM Critical Path Method.
CPS Character Per Second.
CPU Central Processing Unit.
CR Carriage Return.
CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check.
CREN Consortrum for Research and Education Network.
CRT Cathode Ray Tube.
CSMA Carrier Sense Multiple Access.
CSPDN Circuit Switch Public Data Network.
CU Control Unit.
AW Control Word.
CWR Connected Word Recognition.

D

DAC Digital to Analogue Converter.
DARPA Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.
DASD Direct Access Storage Device.
DAV Digital Audio Video.
DBA Data Base Administration.
DBCS Double Byte Character Set.
DBMS Data Base Management System.
DCE Data Communication Equipment.
DCA Document Content Architecture.
DCL Data control Language.
DD Data Dictionary.
DDC Direct Digital Control.
DDCMP Digital Data Communication Message Protocol.
DDE Direct Data Entry.
DDL Data Definition Language./ Data Description Language.
DDS Digital Data Service.
DDVUJ Distribution Data Visualization Using Java.
DEC Digital Equipment Corporation.
DES Data Encryption Standard.
DFD Data Flow Diagram.
DIL Dual In Line
DILP Dual In Line Package.
DLC Data Link Control.
DLT Digital Linear Tape.
DMA Direct Memory Access.
DME Direct Machine Environment.
DML Data Manipulation Language.
DNS Domain Name System.
DOS Disk Operating System.
DP Data Processing.
DPCM Diferential Pulse Code Modulation.
DPI Dot Per Inch.
DPL Data Protection Legislation.
DPM Data Processing Manager.
DQDB Distributed Que Dual Bus.
DR Data Register.
DRAM Dynamic Random Access Memory.
DRO Destructive Read Out.
DSDD Double Sided Double Density.
DSL Data Sub Language.
DSP Digital Singnal Processor.
DSS Decision Support System.
DTE Data Terminal Equipment.
DTL Data Transistor Logic./ Diode Transistor Logic.
DTP Desk Top Publishing.

E

ECL Emitter Coupled Logic.
ECMA European Computer Manufacturer’s Association.
ECS Embedded Computer System.
EDA Exploratory Data Analysis.
EDI Electronic Data Interchange.
EDIFACT Electronic Data Interface For Administration Commerce and Transport.
EDP Electronic Data Processing.
EDS Exchangeable Disk Store.
EDSAC Electrically Delay Storage Automatic Calculator.
EDVAC Electronic Discreet Variable Automatic Calcolator.
EEPROM Electronic Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory.
EFT Electronics Funds Transfer.
EFTPOS Electronics Funds Transfer and Point of Sale.
EGA Enhanced Graphics Adapter.
EHT Extra High Tension.
EFTS Electronics Fund Transfer System.

F

F.keys Function Keys.
FAQ Frequently Asked Questions.
FAST Federation Against Software Theft.
FAT File Allocation Table.
FAX Facsimile.
FCC Federal Communication Commission.
FCS Frame Check Sequence.
FDC Floppy Disk Controller.
FDD Floppy Disk Drive.
FDDI Fibre Distributed Data Interface.
FDM Frequency Division Multiplexing.
FEA Finite Element Analysis.
FEP Front End Processor.
FET Field Effect Transistor.
FF From Feed./ Flip Flop.
FFT Fast Fourier Transform.
FGL Fourth Generation Language.
FIFO Fat In Fast Out.
FIPS Federal Information Processing Standard.
FM File Manager./ Frequency Modulation.
FORTRAN FORmula TRANslation.
FRAM Ferromagnetic Random Access Memory.
FSA Finite State Automation.
FSK Frequency Shift Keying.
FTAM File Transfer Access and Management.
FTP File Transfer Protocol.

Abbreviation — T U V W X Y Z

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Abbreviation

T

TA Travelling Allowance.
TAB (UN) Technical Assistance Board.
TNA Tamil National Army.
TNT Tri-Nitro Toluene.
TNV Tripura National Volunteers.
TI Transparency International.
TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometre.
TPCN Trade Promotion Centre of Nepal.
TPLF Tigarian Peoples Liberation Front.
TWN Trans World Airlines.
TSC Teacher Student Centre.
TCB Trading Corporation of Bangladesh.
TSS Telephone Shilpa Sangstha.
TTC Technical Training Centre./ Traveling Ticket Checker.
TTE Traveling Ticket Examiner.
TFYP Third Five Year Plan.
TCCA Thana Central Co-operative Association.
TGTDC Titas Gas Transmission and Distribution Company.
TNO Thana Nirbahi Officer.
TULF Tamil United Liberation Front.

U

UANC United African National Council.
UAR United Arab Republic.
UAE United Arab Emirates.
UCC United Carbide Corporation.
UCEP Unprivileged Children’s Educational Programme.
UDHR Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
UDI Unilateral Declaration of Independence.
UEFA Union of European Football Associations.
UFO Unidentified Flying Object.
UGC University Grants Commission.
UHF Ultra High Frequency.
UIE UNESCO’s Institute for Education.
UK United Kingdom.
UN United Nations.
UNAB United Nations Association of Bangladesh.
UNCAFE United Nations Commission for Asia and East.
UNAMIC United Nations Advance Mission in Combodia.
UNAT United Nations Administrative Tribunal.
UNCCD United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification.
UNCDF United Nations Capital Development Fund.
UNCED United Nations Conference on Environment and Development.
UNCHS United Nations Centre for Human Settlements.
UNCIP United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan.
UNCLOS United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea.
UNCOD United Nations Coference on Desertification.
UNCST United Nations Conference on Science and Technology.
UNCTAD United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.
UNDCP United Nations Drug Control Programme.
UNDOF United Nations Disengagement Observer Force.
UNDP United Nations Development Programme.
UNDRO United Nations Disaster Relief Organization.
UNEDA United Nations Economic and Development Administration.
UNEDC United Nations Economic and Development Commission.
UNEF United Nations Emergency Force.
UNEP United Nations Environment Programme.
UNESCAP United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific.
UNESCO United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization.
UNFCCC United Nations Framework Convention onClimate Change.
UNFIP United Nations Fund for International Partnerships
UNFPA United Nations Fund for Population Activities.
UNGA United Nations General Assembly.
UNGASS United Nations General Assembly Special Session
UNHCR United Nations High Commissionar for Refugees.
UNICEF United Nations Children Fund.
UNIC United Nations Information Centre.
UNIDO United Nations Industrial Development Organization.
UNIFIL United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon.
UNIKOM United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission.
UNIMOG United Nations International Military Observation Group.
UNITAR United Nations Institute for Training and Research.
UNITC United Nations International Trade Centre.
UNLA Uganda’s Nations Liberation Army.
UNOPS United Nations Office for Project Services.
UNRISD United Nations Research Institute for Social Development.
UNI United News of India.
UNRRA United Nations Relif and Rehabilitation Administration.
UNSC United Nations Security Council.
UNSSC United Nations System Staff Collage.
UNTAG United Nations Transition Assistance Group.
UNTC United Nations Treaty Collection.
UNTSO United Nations Trans Supervision Organization.
UNU United N ations University.
UNV United Nations Volunteers.
UNO United Nations Organization.
UPI United Press Iternational.
USA United States Of America.
USAN Union of South American Nations.
USIS United States Information Service.
USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republic.
UPU Universal Postal Union.
UOTC University Officers Training Corps.

V

VAT Value Added Tax.
VCT Voluntary Counselling and Testing.
VD Veneral Disease.
VHF Very High Frequency.
VIP Very Important Person.
PVV Value Payble Post.
VSO Voluntary Service Overseas.
VGDP Vulnerable Group Development Programme.
VC Vice Chancellor./ Vice Consel.
VP Vice President./ Vice Principal.
VDP Village Defence Party.
VAP Voluntary Assistance Programme.
VAID Village Agriculture and Industrial Development.
VGFP Vulnerable Group Feeding Programme.

W

WASP White Anglo-Saxon Protestant.
WBG World Bank Group.
WB World Bank.
WCC World Council of Churches.
WDR World Development Report.
WEU Westerm European Union.
WFP World Food Programme.
WFC World Food Council.
WFTU World Federation of Trade Union.
WHO World Health Organization.
WI Women’s Institute.
WMF World Wildlife Fund.
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization.
WMO World Meteriological Organization.
WO Warrant Officer.
WPC World Peace Council.
WTC World Trade Centre.
WTO World Trade Organization./ World Tourism Organization.
WVB World Vision of Bangladesh.
WWW World Wide Web.
WASA Water Supply and Sewerage Authority.
WAPDA Water and Power Development Authority.
WES Wage Earners Scheme.

X

X-mas Christmas.
XPL Export Performance Licence.
XL Extra Large.

Y

YHA Youth Hostel’s Association.
YMCA Young Men’s Christian Association.
YWCA Young Women’sChristian Association.

Z

ZAPU Zimbabwe African People’s Union.
ZPG Zero Population Growth.
ZUPO Zimbabwe United People’s Organization.

Abbreviation — N O P Q R S

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Abbreviation

N

NAC Non -Aligned Committe /National AIDS Committee.
NA National Assembly.
NAM Non- Aligned Movement.
NABARD National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Devt.
NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement.
NANAP Non-Aligned News Agencies Pool.
NAP New Aspairation Party.
NATO North Atlantic Treat Organization.
NAU North American Union.
NB Nota Bene.
NCC National Cadet Crops.
NCERT National Council of Educational Research and Training.
NCO Non Commissioned Officer.
NC Nordic Council.
NDA National Defence Academy.
NDF Nordic Development Fund.
NDI National Democratic Institute.
NEC North Economic Council.
NEFA North Easterm Frontier Agency.
NGFF Nutural Gas Fertilizer Fectory.
NGO Non-Governmental Organization.
NHPC National Hydroelectric Power Corporation.
NIAS Nordic Institute of Asian Studies.
NIB Nordic Investment Bank.
NMA Nepal Medical Association.
NNI Net National Income.
NNPT Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
NNN NAM News Network. / Nippon News Network.
NP Notary Public.
NPA New Peoples Army.
NPF National Patriotic Front.
NREP National Rural Employment Programme.
NTPC National Thermal Power Corporation.
NYT New York Time.

O

OAS Organization of American States.
OAU Organization of African Unity.
OAP Old Age Pensioner.
OAPNA Organization of Asian Pacific News Agency.
OAPEC Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries.
O-Level Ordinary Level.
OCR Ordinary Capital Resources.
OECD Organization of Economic Co-operation and Development.
OED Oxford English Dictionary.
OEEC Organization of European Economic Co-operation.
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries.
OIC Organization of Islamic Conference.
OFDA Office of us Foreign Disaster Assistance.
OBSS On Bangladesh State Service.
OCAB Overseas Correspondent Association of Bangladesh.
OECS Organization of Eastern Caribbean States.
OFC Oceania Football Confederation.
ONGC Oil and Natural Gas Commission.

P

PA Personal Assistant. / Press Association.
PAEC Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission.
PC Personal Computer.
PCS Public Civil Service.
PCB Pakistan Cricket Board.
PDF Pakistan Defence Force.
PIF Pacific Islands Forum.
PFLT People’s Front of the Liberation Tiger’s.
PG Post Graduate.
PMG Post Master General.
PhD Doctor of Philosophy.
PHED Public Health Engineering Department.
PIA Pakistan International Airlines.
PLHIV People Living with HIV and AIDS.
PLO Palestine Liberation Organization.
PM Prime Minister / Post Master.
PNA Pakistan National Assembly.
PNC Palestine National Council.
PNCB Pakistan Narkotics Control Board.
PODO Public Office Discoalification Ordinance.
POW Prisoners of War.
PP Public Prosecutor.
PPP Pakistan Peoples Party.
PR Public Relations.
PRO Public Relation Officer.
PST Pacific Standard Time.
PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network.
PTA Pre-paid Travel Arrangement.
PTO Please Turn Over.
PTI Press Trust of India.
PUK Patriotic Union of Kurdistan.
PWD Public Works Department.
PUCL People Union for Civil Liberties.
PSC Public Service Commission.
PSA Port of Singapore Authority.
PORAM Palm Oil Refiners Association of Malaysia.
PHC Primary Health Centre.
PMO Principal Medical Officer.
PLI Postal Life Insurance.

Q

Q Ouestions.
QC Queen’s Council.
QMG Quarter Master General.
QM Quarter Master.

R

RA Royal Academy.
RADA Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts.
R&D Research and Development.
RADAR Radio Detection and Ranging.
RAF Royal Air Force.
RAM Royal Academy of Music.
RAW Research and Analysis Wing.
RBA Reproductive Biology Associates.
RCC Revolutionary Command Council.
RCM Royal College of Music.
RDC Research and Development Centre.
RDRA Regional Director of the Railway.
RFSA Russian Federal Space Agency.
RG Rio Group.
RM Royal Marines.
RMS Railway Mail Service.
RN Royal Navy.
RUF Revolutionary United Front.
R&H Roads and Highways.
RHC Rural Health Centre.
RWP Rural Works Programme.

S

SAARC South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation.
SAF Structural Adjustment Facility.
SAFTA South Asian Free Trade Area.
SAIC SAARC Agricultural Information Centre.
SALT Strategic Arms Limitation Talks.
SAM Surface to Air Missile.
SANA South Asian News Agency.
SAPO South African Peoples Organization.
SAPTA SAARC Preferential Trade Arrangement.
SAYE Save As You Earn.
SCC SAARC Cultural Centre.
SCZMC SAARC Coastal Zone Management Centre.
SCITI Small and Cottage Industries Training Institute.
SDI Strategic Defence Initiative.
SDMC SAARC Disaster Management Centre.
SDC SAARC Documentation Centre.
SDR Special Drawing Right.
SEADO South East Asian Defence Organization.
SEC SAARC Energy Centre.
SEATO South East Asian Treaty Organization.
SEAC South East Asia Command.
SF Science Fiction.
SFC SAARC Forestry Centre.
SHAEF Supreme Headquarters of the Allied Expeditionary Force.
SHAPE Supreme Headquarters of Allied Powers in Europe.
SHRDC SAARC Human Resources Development Centre.
SICC Singapore International Chamber of Commerce.
SIC SAARC Information Centre.
SIDA Swedish International Development Agency.
SIGG SAARC’s Inter-Governmental Group.
SIS Secret Intelligence Service.
SIM Subscriber Identity Module.
SLORC State Law and Order Restoration Council.
SMPP Short Message Peer-to-peer Protocol.
SMCR SAARC Meteorological Research Centre.
SMS Short Message Service.
SNPA Specialised New Programme of Action.
SOE State Owned Enterprises.
SOS Save Our Souls.
SPCA Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.
SPCC Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.
SPO Special Police Officer.
SRG Study and Research Group.
SRO Standing Revenue Order.
START Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty.
STC SAARC Tuberculosis Centre.
SSC Secondary School Sertificate.
SWC Storm Warning Centre.
SFYP Second Five Year Plan.
SWAPO South-West African People’s Organization.

Abbreviation — G H I J K L M

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Abbreviation

G

GATT General Agreement of Tariffs and Trade.
GA General Assembly.
GB Great Britain.
GCC Gulf Co-operation Council.
GCE General Certificate of Education.
GEC General Electric Company.
GEMS Global Environment Monitoring System.
GMT Greenwich Mean Time.
GOC General Officer Commanding.
GPO General Post Office.
GPRS General Packet Radio Service.
GSTP Global System of Trade Practice.
GRID Global Resources Information Database.
3GPP 3rd Generation Partnership Project.
GUPS General Union of Palestine Students.
GDI Gross Domestic Income.
GNP Gross National Product.
GCID German Cultural Institute of Dhaka.
GSP Gana Sangram Parishad.
GNLF Gorkha National Liberation Front.

H

HCP Highest Common Factor.
HDC Human Development Centre.
HDI Human Development Index.
HDL High Density Lipoprotein.
HE His Excellency.
HES Health Expenditures Survey.
HF High Frequency.
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
HMV His master’s Voice.
HSC Higher Secondary Certificate.
HYV High Yielding Varites.
HP Horse Power.
HKSC Hong Kong Shipper’s Council.
HR House of Representatives.
HBFC House Building Finance Corporation.
HDB Horticulture Development Board.
HBRI Housing and Building Research Institute.

I

IADB Inter American Development Bank.
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency.
IAF Indian Air Force.
IATA International Air Transport Association.
IBA Institute of Business Administration.
IBRD International Bank of Reconstruction and Development.
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization.
ICBM Inter Continental Ballastic Missile.
ICC International Cricket Committee.
ICD International Classification of Diseases.
ICFM Islamic Conference of Foreign Minister.
ICFTU International Confederation of Free Trade Unions.
ICI Imperial Chemical Industries.
ICJ International Court of Justice.
ICMR Indian Council of Medical Research.
ICRC International Committee of Red Cross.
IDA International Development Association.
IDB Islamic Development Bank.
IDBI Industrial Development Bank of India.
IDU Injecting Drug Users.
IFC International Finance Corporation.
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Devt.
IFPRI International Food Policy Research Institute.
IFTU International Federation of Trade Unions.
IGEG Inter Government Export Group.
IIT Islamic Institute of Technology.
IITA International Institute of Tropical Agriculture.
IJC International Jute Corporation.
ILO International Labour Organization.
IMED Implementation Monitoring and Evaluation Division.
IMF International Monetary Fund.
IMO Internatonal Maritime Organization.
INTERPOL International Police.
IAAF International Association of Athletics Federations.
IOC International Olympic Committee.
IOJ International Organization of Journalists.
IPA Integrated Programme for Action.
IRA Irish Republican Army.
IRDP Integrated Rural Development Programme.
IRMB International Range Ballistic Missile.
IRO International Refugee Organization.
IRRI International Rice Research Institute.
ISBA International Sea Bed Authority.
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network.
ISSB Inter Service Selection Board.
ISS International Space Station.
ISI Indian Standards Institute.
ITA Information and Technology Agreement.
ITC International Trade Centre.
ITDC India Tourism Development Corporation.
ITDG Intermediate Technology Development Group.
ITO International Trade Organisation.
ITU International Telecommunication Union.
IWMI International Water Management Institute.

J

JMDC Jute Manufactured Development Council.
JP Justice of the Peace.
JCO Junior Commissioned Office.
JJSF Jatiya Juba Sanghathan Federation.
JKLF Jammu and Kashmir Liberation Front.
JBC Jiban Bima Corporation.
JEI Jute Extension Inspector.
JMBA Jamuna Multipurpose Bridge Authority.
JUCSU Jahangirnagar University Central Students Union.
JRC Joint River Commission.
JC Jesus Christ.
JICA Japan International Cooperation Agency.

K

KANU Kenya African National Union.
KCCI Korea Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
KDP Kurdistan Democratic Party.
KRC Karnafuly Rayon Complex.
KITA Korea International Trade Association.
KNITQ Korean National Institute of Technology and Quality.
KSC Korean Shippers Council.
KWP Kurdistan Worker’s Party.
KNM Khulna Newsprint Mills.
KPM Karnaphuli Paper Mills.
KSS Krishi Samabaya Samity.
KKM Kanchi Kanchar Mela.

L

LDC Least Developed Countries.
LTTE Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam.
LGRD Local Government and Rural Development.
LGED Local Government Engineering Development.
LGEB Local Government Engineering Bureau.
LDL Low Density Lipoprotein.
LES Lunar Excaps System.
LLB Bachelor of Law.
LMT Local Mean Time.
LMG Light Machine Gun.
LMF Licenciate of the Medical Faculty.
LST Local Standard Time.
LPG Liquid Petroleum Gas.
LCM Least Common Multiple.
LA Legislative Assembly.

M

MA Master of Arts.
MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery.
MCA Malaysian Chinese Association.
MCDU Member of the Christian Democrate Union.
MEd Master of Education.
ME Monitoring and Evaluation.
MEES Middle East Economic Survey.
MEI Member of Engineering Institute.
MFN Most Favoured Nation.
MIGA Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency.
MIDAS Missile Defence Alarm System.
MISA Maintenance of Internal Security Act.
MISO Maintains of Internal Security Order.
MLit Master of Literature.
MMS Multimedia Messaging Service.
MNLF Middle National Liberation Front.
MP Member of Parliament.
MPhar Master of Pharmacy.
MRAS Menber of Royal Asiatc Society.
MRBM Medium Range Ballastic Missile.
MRCP Member of Royal College of Physicians.
MRCS Member of Royal College of Surgery.
MRTPC Monopolice and Restrictive Trade Practices Commission.
MSc Master of Science.
MV Motor Vessel.
MBA Master of Business Administration.

Abbreviation — A B C D E F

A B C D E F G H I J K L M
N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Abbreviation

A

ABC Australian Broadcasting Co.
ABU Asian Broadcasting Union.
ACU Asian Clearing Union.
ADB Asian Development Bank.
ADF African Development Found.
AFC Asian Football Confederation.
AFP Agency of France Press.
AI Amonesty International.
ALICO American Life Insurance Company.
AIT Asian Institute of Tecnologhy.
ANN Asian News Network.
AOC Air Officer Commanding.
APD Academy for Planning and Development.
APA Associate Press of America.
APCC Asian and Pacific Coconut Community.
APO Asian Productivity Organization.
ARC Asian Reinsurance Corporation.
ASC African Socialist Council.
ASEAN Association of South East Asian Nations.
ADC Additional Deputy Commissioner.
ADP Annual Development programme.
AGM Assistant General Manager.
AHQ Army Head Quarters.
AMS Army medical Service.
APD Academy for Planning Development.
AGP Assam Gana Parishad.
AITUC All India Trade Union Congress.
AASU All Assam Student’s Union.
AICC All India Congress Committee.
ANC African National Congress.

B

BBC British Broadcasting Corporation.
B.Sc Bachelor of Science.
B.Pharm Bechelor of Pharmacy.
BL Bechelor of Law.
BA Bechelor of Arts.
BC British Council.
BAF Bangladesh Air Force.
BAL Bangladesh Awami League.
BARI Bangladesh Agriculture Research Institute.
BAU Bangladesh Agricultural University.
BB Bangladesh Biman.
BCCB Bangladesh Cricket Control Board.
BFA Bangladesh Football Association.
BFF Bangladesh Football Federation.
BFS Bangladesh Fire Service.
B. Com. Bechelor of Commerce.
BOP Balance of Payment.
BKB Bangladesh Krishi Bank.
BMA Bangladesh Medical Association.
BN Bangladesh Nevy.
BOA Bangladesh Olympic Association.
BPC Bangladesh petroleum Corporation.
BPS Bangladesh Photographic Society.
BRTC Bangladesh Road Transport Corporation.
BSC Bangladesh Shipping Corporation.
BKSP Bangladesh Krira Shikkha Pratisthan.
BTUC Bangladesh Trade Union Centre.
BNP Bangladesh National Party.
BNCC Bangladesh National Cadet Core.

C

CAF Confederation of African Football.
CAIS Central American Integration System.
CBD Convention of Biological Diversity.
CBI Central Bureau of Investigation.
CDU Christian Democratic Union.
CE Civil Engineer.
CFE Conventional Force in Europe.
CH Companion of Honour.
CIA Central Intelligence Agency.
CID Criminal Investigation Department.
CMN Common Market Nations.
CNA Central News Agency.
CNN Cable News Network.
CO Commanding Officer.
COE Council of Europe.
CP Colombo Plan.
CRI China Radio International.
CRPF Central Reserve Police Force.
CSE Certificate of Secondary Education.
CSS Centre for Social Studies.
CA Civil Aviation.
CEC Chief Election Commissioner.
CEPZ Chittagong Export Processing Zone.
CMP Chittagong Metropolitan police.
CSS Chistian Service Society.
CUTA Chittagong University Teachers Association.
CUFFL Chittagong Urea Fertilizer Factory Limited.
CHTDB Chittagong Hill Tracts Development Board.
CENTO Central Treaty Organization.
CITU Centre of Indian Trade Union.
CHOGM Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting.
COFEPOSA Conservation of Foreign Exchange and Prevention of Smuggling Act.

D

D.Sc. Doctor of Science.
DAC Development Assistance Committe.
DCL Doctor of Civil Law.
DD Doctor of Divinity. / Deputy Director.
DG Director General.
DPI Doctor of Public Instruction.
DV Diversity Visa.
DLO Dead Letter Office.
D.Lit Doctor of Literature.
DOHE Defence Officer’s Housing Estate.
DIT Dhaka Improvement Trust.
DC Deputy Commissioner.
DCC Dhaka City Corporation.
DMC Dhaka Municipal Corporation.
DIG Deputy Inspector General.
DVC Damodar Vally Corporation.
DPH Director of Public Health.
DIGP Deputy Inspector General Police.
DMSA Dhaka Metropolice Sports Association.
DGCA Director General of Civil Aviation.
DNMI Dhaka National Medical Institute.
DSE Dhaka Stock Exchange.
DTE Directot of Technical Education.
DUTA Dhaka University Teachers Association.
DUJ Dhaka Union of Journalists.

E

EAC East Asian Community.
EADB East African Development Bank.
EAEG East Asian Economic Group.
EAS East Asian Summit.
EC European Commission.
ECA Economic Commission of Africa.
ECC European Cricket Council.
ECE (UN) Economic Commission of Europe.
ECG Electro Cardio Gram.
ECLA Economic Commission fo Latin America.
ECM European Common Market.
ECO Economic Co-operation Organisation.
ECT Electro Compulsive Therapy.
EDP Electronic Data Processing.
EFTA European Free Trade Association.
EIB European Investment Bank.
EP European Parliament.
EPO European Patent Organisation.
ESA European Space Agency.
ESF European Science Foundation.
EU European Union.
EPZ Export Processing Zone.
ERL Eastern Refinery Limited.
ESMA Essential Services Maintenance Act.
ERD Economic Relations Division.
ECOSOC (UN) Economic and Social Commission.
ECAFE (UN) Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East.
ECLA (UN) Economic Commission for Latin America.
EEC European Economic Community.
EDC European Defence Community.
ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific.

F

FA Football Association.
FBA Fellow of British Academy.
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization.
FAPE Fund of Association to Private Education.
FDC Film Development Corporation.
FIFA Federation of International Football Association.
FRCP Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians.
FRCS Fellow of the Royal College of Surgery.
FOB Free On Board.
FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation.
FRS Fellow of the Royal Society.
FIEO Federation of Indian Export Organizations.
FNB First National Bank.
FTI Federation of Thai Industries.
FM Foreign Minister.
FEC Foreign Exchange Certificates.
FPA Family Planning Assistants.
FIC Flood Information centre.
FPBA Family Planning Association of Bangladesh.
FECTT Foreign Exchange Conservation Travel Tax.
FWA Family Welfare Association.
FWC Family Welfare Centre.
FERA Foreign Exchange Regulation Act.